Conflict sensitive education (CSE) means “understanding the context in which the education policy/programme takes place, analyzing the two-way interaction between the context and the education policy/programme, and acting to minimize negative impacts and maximise positive impacts of education policies and programming on conflict, within an organization’s given priorities” (adapted from Conflict Sensitivity Consortium).
Education policies and programmes that only focus on technical solutions are not sufficient to address the challenges found in conflict-affected contexts. If attention to conflict is not integrated into education policy and programming, there is a risk that education investments will increase tensions.
It is crucial that all humanitarian, development, and educational programmes respond to the context and the dynamics of the conflict by being “conflict sensitive,” both minimizing negative impacts and maximizing positive impacts.
Watch the video (4:04) below to learn more.
In order to support the integration of conflict sensitivity in education policies and programs in conflict-affected and fragile contexts, INEE has developed a series of tools and guidance documents that make up the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack (CSE Pack). The CSE Pack includes the resources described below.
1. Guiding Principles
This one-page document outlines the INEE Guiding Principles on Integrating Conflict Sensitivity in Education Policy and Programming in Conflict-Affected and Fragile Contexts. It describes the following principles: 1. Assess; 2. Do no harm; 3. Prioritize prevention; 4. Promote equity and the holistic development of the child as a citizen; 5. Stabilize, rebuild or build the education system; and 6. Development partners should act fast, respond to change, and stay engaged beyond short-term support. Click to watch a Prezi presentation on the INEE CSE Guiding Principles.
2. Reflection Tool
This Reflection Tool is designed to help you reflect on the impact of conflict dynamics on education programs and how these education programs can help either mitigate or exacerbate the conflict dynamics. It can be used to integrate conflict sensitivity at all stages of the project cycle: assessment, design, implementation/management, monitoring and evaluation.
3. Guidance Note
The Guidance Note offers strategies for developing and implementing conflict sensitive education programs and policies. Building upon the INEE Minimum Standards, the Guidance Note offers guidance on conflict sensitive education design and delivery at all levels and in all types and phases of conflict. It is a useful tool for practitioners, policy-makers and researchers working in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. A Quick Reference Tool on Conflict Sensitive Education is included (p. 43), providing bulleted guidance, key actions, and suggestions for conflict sensitive education.
The CSE Pack is accompanied by several supporting materials:
Click to download ZIP files of various collections of the CSE Pack materials:
If you have questions regarding the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack or the supporting materials, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Conflict Sensitive Education Online Course is a free, interactive e-learning course designed to give a broad overview of education considerations in conflict environments. This course is intended for field practitioners, donors, and other professionals working in the field of education in emergencies.
The CSE Online Course is based on the content of the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack, which supports the integration of conflict sensitivity into education policies and programs in conflict-affected contexts. The training addresses: 1) steps for conducting a conflict analysis; 2) interactions between programs and conflict; 3) access to learning environments; 4) conflict sensitive strategies for teaching and learning and development of education policy; and 5) methods of monitoring and evaluation.
The CSE Online Course can be accessed at cse.ineesite.org.
Registration (free) on the Moodle platform is required to access the course;
you can use an existing Moodle account or create a new one for free.
Based on the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack, and developed in coordination with INEE members and Truscribe, this whiteboard video illustrates conflict sensitive strategies for each of the INEE Minimum Standards five domains. This video is available in English, French, Arabic, and Spanish (subtitles only) online. The original video files can also be downloaded here (roughly 2GB per language).
Each full video is also available in six shorter video segments:
INEE has developed training materials based on the CSE Pack. The CSE Training Modules may be delivered in 2-day or 90 minute sessions, and the materials are available in English, Arabic, French and Spanish. You can find additional training and capacity development tools related to CSE on the INEE Toolkit.
In 2017, the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Sub-Working Group focused on enhancing the accessibility of the CSE Pack among partners working in emergencies and protracted crises to increase the relevance of the Pack for users, increase involvement of government representatives in CSE training and planning, and improve sustainability of CSE Pack use and training.
To accomplish this objective, INEE organized a CSE Training of Trainers (ToT) held in July 2017 and selected a number of "anchor organizations" (AO) to rollout multi-agency, in-country CSE trainings within six (6) months after the ToT. The 32 ToT participants come from the different AO and are responsible for planning and implementing the rollout of the CSE trainings. Participants continue to benefit from the ongoing capacity development as part of a Learning Community facilitated by INEE to enable peer-to-peer support and exchange of best practices and ideas. Learn more at the CSE Learning Community Online Portal.
Please note that the audio quality of some of the recordings is sub-optimal; this is a technology glitch that we have not yet been able to resolve.
On 8 April 2013, INEE and UNESCO’s International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP) organized a High-Level Symposium in Paris in order to bring together around 200 education stakeholders to discuss the challenges of providing quality education in conflict-affected contexts, and to offer concrete recommendations to promote the implementation of conflict-sensitive education. Click to watch a video summary of the High-Level Symposium. The video is set to the music of Peter Yarrow, of Peter, Paul, and Mary fame, who performed in an event at the close of the symposium.
Participants endorsed by acclamation the Paris Symposium Declaration that calls for the prioritization of conflict sensitive education in conflict affected and fragile contexts. The Declaration calls for the prioritization of conflict sensitive education that promotes a common framework to provide quality education to children, youth, and adults affected by violence and armed conflicts. The Declaration encourages the adoption of the INEE Guiding Principles and the use of the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack.
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