UNESCO/WFP are looking for an institution/research firm/organization to conduct an assessment on vulnerable children living on the streets in South Sudan.
The prolonged conflict in South Sudan has severely affected the life of South Sudanese, and children are among the most vulnerable group. As a result, there are thousands of vulnerable children living and sleeping in streets including orphans, unaccompanied and separated children. Most children living in the streets do not have access to basic needs. They are at high risk of abuse and exploitation.
Quite often, families facing hardship and extreme poverty are resorting to extreme measures to provide for their families. Such measures include examples of some families sending their children to work to pay school fees (although primary education is compulsory and free in South Sudan) or dropping out of school due to numerous reasons. Some orphans are often treated badly and are often beg in streets. In addition, many such vulnerable children may lack appropriate parental care.
Some studies have been conducted in various states within South Sudan on the situation of children living on the streets, but no actual data have been gathered on the numbers, ages, ethnicity and root causes for the children being in the streets/market. There is no recent information on what could be done to prevent children from leaving their families and protect the children from exploitation and abuse. There is a need to investigate challenges experienced by the vulnerable children and to find out what would be appropriate, holistic, or alternative forms of care that could benefit these children.
According to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, 2018) South Sudan has at least 2.2 million out of school children with thousands more at risk of dropping out. The number of out-of-school children (OOSC) in South Sudan has increased in recent years and this trend is projected to continue, reaching over 2.4 million in the next two years if no efforts are made, (UNESCO, ibid). The study further identified that the vulnerable children living and sleeping in the streets were identified as among the most disadvantaged children in the country.
The Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare (MoGCSW) has a policy on children without parental care in 2012, but so far, its implementation is still a challenge due to the lack of database and adequate resources with the Ministry.
The MoGCSW recently entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the World Food Programme (WFP) in 2018 to support vulnerable populations through its various programmatic and logistics modalities towards food security. This support will reach millions of women, men and children facing food insecurity and therefore children living and sleeping in the streets should not be left out. To actualize the efforts, MoGCSW is calling for coordination and collaboration with the Ministry of General Education and Instruction (MoGEI), Ministry of Health (MoH), and Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports (MoCYS) UNESCO, UNICEF and WFP to conduct and assessment on children living and sleeping in the streets.
A comprehensive assessment will investigate the number of children and their profiles including a possible bio-metric registration processes which will be coordinated, captured and utilized to design and implement joint response. The assessment which will cover Juba and Wau. The recommended interventions will be led by MoGCSW in close collaboration with MoGEI, MoH and MoCYS with the support of UNESCO, UNICEF and WFP.
For the purposes of this document and the assessment, a child is defined as an individual under the age of 18 per the Child Act of South Sudan.
Furthermore, various recommendations proposed by the assessment need to incorporate (1) reviews of and building on any existing interventions and actors, locations and scope, (2) relevant research/studies/policies (including the recent OOSC study by UNESCO) and (3) identify and assess the gravity and scale of factors challenging children living and sleeping in the streets disaggregated by locations, sex, age and ethnicity/circumstances.
The selected organization will be tasked to conduct an assessment in Juba and Wau, led by UNESCO in collaboration with WFP, UNICEF, MoGCSW and MoGEI.
Under the overall guidance of the UNESCO Representative and Head of Office in Juba, South Sudan, the institution will have the following duties and responsibilities.
The selected organization is expected to facilitate the assessment interviewing children living and sleeping in the streets in alignment with international and UN child safety/protection and UIS standards. The selected organization is expected to conduct the assessment and travel to Juba and Wau.
Interested organizations are invited to submit the following (in English) and referencing “Institution – Assessment Children Living and Sleeping in Streets” by 18 December 2018.
Up-to-date curriculum vitae for all team members
Statement indicating how institution’s qualifications/experience make them suitable for the assignment inclusive of budget/cost proposal
Indication of the methodology used to carry out the assignment
E-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Link to Call for Proposal: http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/FIELD/juba/pdf/VC_TOR3.pdf