Promoting access to quality, safe, and relevant education for all persons affected by crisis

Disaster Risk Reduction

Disaster Risk Reduction and the Hyogo Framework for Action

Indonesia 2006, Save the Children
In January 2005, more than 4000 representatives of governments, NGOs, academic institutes and the private sector met at the second World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR) in Kobe, Japan. It was at this groundbreaking meeting that a 10 year plan known as the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA) was adopted by 168 states to substantially reduce disaster losses in lives as well as the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries by 2015.

As emphasized in HFA, disaster risk reduction is a central issue for development policies and is of interest to various science, humanitarian and environmental fields. Disasters undermine development achievements, impoverishing people and nations, and without serious efforts to address disaster losses, disasters will increasingly become a serious obstacle to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

Five specific Priorities for Action were identified by HFA to attain the expected outcome:

  1. Making disaster risk reduction a priority
  2. Improving risk information and early warning
  3. Building a culture of safety and resilience
  4. Reducing the risks in key sectors
  5. Strengthening preparedness for response

 

Disaster Risk Reduction and Education

Children are among the most vulnerable to disasters but if given the opportunity, can play an active role in disaster reduction and preparedness for themselves, their communities, and future generations. Children are important agents for improving safety and resilience, as they will transmit their knowledge to future generations, as well as to older community members and other children who they are in contact with.

Elements of disaster risk reduction should be incorporated into formal curricula and in co-curricular activities from the primary to secondary levels of education. Targeting higher education can be a practical means to build disaster reduction capacities. Incorporating hazard and disaster risk-related issues into existing education curricula contributes to continuous learning and reinforces disaster risk reduction knowledge.

 

Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction

 

INEE is collaborating with the World Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery to facilitate a consultative process to develop a set of Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction. The Guidance Notes will present important issues and principles, pose key questions and identify specific resources for the planning and construction of more disaster-resilient schools. These guidance notes will be compiled from available research as well as the experience and technical expertise of individuals worldwide in order to best assist governments, NGOs, donors, and other stakeholders to both advocate for, and integrate integrating disaster-resilient theory and techniques into school construction.

 

Who should be involved in this movement?

In order to foster conditions where political commitment, community support, allocation of human and financial resources, and commitment and engagement of relevant educational authorities facilitate the inclusion of disaster risk reduction in the education system and in the research community, entire communities must be engaged: Children and youth, educators and professionals from the educational sector, Ministry of Education representatives and higher education policymakers, disaster and risk management experts, academics and research community representatives, parent and teacher associations, private sector, public sector, NGOs and community based organizations.

 

Partner Networks:

  • Coalition for Global School Safety and Disaster Prevention Education (COGSS & DPE): COGSS & DPE works to identify gaps and priorities and to support the development of knowledge-sharing strategies and political will to ensure that every school is a safe school, and that every child and community has access to high quality, audience-targeted disaster prevention education knowledge, experience and expertise to build a culture of safety. Click here to subscribe to the COGSS & DPE Newsletter

Additional Resources

Click Here to read about the INEE Minimum Standards and Disaster Risk Reduction.

Click Here for a list of tools and resources on Disaster Risk Reduction from the INEE Toolkit and Resource Database.

Please click here for the Hyogo Framework for Action, including Recommended Steps and Questions to ask in including elements of disaster risk reduction in the education system.

INEE is collaborating with the World Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery to facilitate a consultative process to develop a set of Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction.

Click here to learn more and download resources related to Teachers Without Borders’ work on education and earthquakes and teacher training