Education in conflict-affected and fragile contexts remains an unfulfilled promise. Of the 61 million children worldwide who are out of primary school, 28 million girls and boys live in conflict-affected fragile states (EFA Global Monitoring Report 2011).
Millions more youth lack access to relevant learning opportunities and skills for employment in these contexts. 127 million youth and about 796 million adults are illiterate, two-thirds of whom are women (UNESCO, 2010).
Widespread sexual violence, targeted attacks on schools, and other abuses prevent girls, boys, young women and young men from gaining access to quality, relevant education in safe learning environments.
Education policies and programmes that only focus on technical solutions are not sufficient to address the challenges found in conflict-affected and fragile contexts.
If attention to conflict is not integrated into education policy and programming, there is a risk that education investments will increase tensions.
It is crucial that all humanitarian, development, and educational programmes respond to the context and the dynamics of the conflict by being “conflict sensitive,” both minimizing negative impacts and maximizing positive impacts.
HOW: INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack
In order to support the integration of conflict sensitivity in education policies and programmes in conflict-affected and fragile contexts, INEE has developed the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack. This Pack contains the four items described below.
The Guiding Principles are for stakeholders concerned with education in conflict-affected and fragile contexts, and can be used to guide education interventions in these contexts and ensure that conflict sensitivity is incorporated in education proposals, policies, investments and programmes.
The Reflection Tool is designed for education programme staff and other stakeholders concerned with education in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. The tool can be used to ensure that conflict sensitivity is integrated in education at all stages of the programme cycle: assessment, design, implementation/management, monitoring and evaluation.
The Reflection Tool is accompanied by the List of Additional Resources, which contains references to additional information and guidance related to education, conflict and conflict sensitivity, and which is categorised according to the project cycle.
The Guidance Note offers strategies for developing and implementing conflict sensitive education programmes and policies. Building upon the INEE Minimum Standards, the Guidance Note is a useful tool for practitioners, policy-makers and researchers working in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. The Guidance Note and the INEE Minimum Standards are referenced throughout the Reflection Tool, and can be consulted to find more detailed information and examples as needed.
A Quick Reference Tool on Conflict Sensitive Education is included which follows the framework of the INEE Minimum Standards and provides bulleted guidance, key actions and suggestions for conflict sensitive education.
The online INEE Toolkit contains with vetted implementation tools and resources related to conflict sensitive education, education and peacebuilding and conflict analysis, as well as the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack: toolkit.ineesite.org/conflict_sensitive_education
The INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack was formally launched at a half-day High Level Symposium entitled "Conflict Sensitive Education - Why and How?" on 8 April 2013 at UNESCO, Paris.
INEE has developed the following documents to support promotional efforts of the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack:
If you have questions regarding the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack or the promotional documents, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.